2019-2020 Social Studies Notes First Semester

  • 2018-2019 Social Studies Notes

    Here are the class notes provided during the day.  They are here for you to copy.  You are still responsible for writing them by hand in your notebook.

    ink and quill pen on scroll






    Anthropology- The study of humans

    Maslow (Abraham)- famous anthropologist

    There are 4 basic needs. These keep your body healthy.

    1 Air

    2 Food

    3 Water

    4 Shelter


    There are 8 Secondary Needs: These keep your mind healthy.

    1 Learning- being curious

    2 Movement- the feeling that you are not trapped

    3 Identity- needing to stand out from the crowd or to be different

    4 Acceptance- needing to fit in with a group, to be included

    5 Companionship- having a person that you can open up to or be close to

    6 Communication- needing to have someone listen to your ideas and thoughts

    7 Entertainment- needing time to do what you want

    8 Self Improvement- the need to know you can make things better

    Human Needs

    Social Science,

    • This is also called sociology. It is the study of people. Psychology is the study of the human mind.
    • Abraham Maslow was a psychologist who studied why people do the things they do.

    Maslow’s idea was that all people have 2 parts which make humans special.

    We have a body, like all living things do…


    We also have a mind we use to make choices or do things that other living things cannot do.

    During our lives- both physical needs(for our bodies) and psychological needs (for our minds) must be cared for. That requires that we each take care of BOTH sets of needs.
    In a way we are a bit like a tree. For the tree to live, the roots and the leaves must be healthy.
    Primary needs these keep your body healthy. Air a source of oxygen. Food proper nourishment. Water drinks to supply useful fluids. Shelter any protection from harm. Secondary needs these keep your mind healthy. Acceptance to fit in as "normal" like everyone else. Companionship to have close friends BFFS. Identity to be noticed; a unique person. Communication to be listened to and valued. Movement to not feel trapped, free to move. Entertainment to have "me time"; time without responsibility. Learning to find out; curiosity, being nosey. Self Improvement to have hope; things will get better.  
    Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning. The higher you go, the more fun things are. Comprehension-understanding things. Application-use things. Analysis-judge the way you use things. Synthesis-make new ideas. Evaluation-judge the new ideas. Reach higher and do more with your mind.  




    Bloom's Taxonomy
     Bloom image
    Here are some examples to help you-
    Knowledge- Think of being required to memorize your times tables.
    Comprehension- means you understand something and can explain it or identify it when you see it.
    Application- is when you can use something or do something after you were shown how.
    Analysis- is when you adjust something to make it work the way you were shown.  Its not new, just a better job of application.
    Synthesis- is making something new or putting old things together in a new way.
    Evaluation- is judging and maybe fixing a thing that you created on your own.

    Maps Unit Vocabulary and Notes


    Vocabulary Part 1

    Geography- the study of the Earth's surface by pictures

    Map- a graphic (picture) of a portion of the earth

    Border- an imaginary line humans use to show places on the earth

    Compass Rose- a symbol on a map to show the Cardinal Directions

    Scale- a measured line used to help show the size of things on a map

    Cardinal Directions- The basic 4 directions of north, east, south, west

    Secondary Directions- these are "half way" between the cardinal directions.  North-west, North-east, South-west, and Southeast.

    Orientation (Orient)- to line up and organize a map so you can use it

    Political Map- is used to show the borders of a place like the shapes and locations of states, countries or counties

    Map Key (Legend)- explains the symbols or abbreviations used on a map

    The pictures below are to help you make the keys for your Mountains Map and your Rivers Map. 

    Map of Western United States
     Map of mid-Western United States
     Map of North-Eastern United States
     Map of Alaska
     Map of Hawaii 
    Here is the video we are watching in class.



    The following video does a super job of explaining the Water Cycle.  Click on it to review what we have been learning in class.  We will be adding notes here during this week (10/26-30)



    Here's a video about Hailstorms that you might find interesting.


    Lastly, I found a video about flash floods. These videos make me happy to live in a place like Western New York where these storms almost never happen.


    The video below is the one from class on Wednesday 10/28. You can watch it again if you like.



     Maps Vocabulary Part II

    basin-a bowl shaped area of land surrounded by higher land

    bay- an inlet of the sea or some other body of water usually smaller than a gulf

    cape- a point of land that extends into water


    coast- land along a sea or ocean


    coastal plain-area of flat land along a sea or ocean


    delta-triangle shaped area of land at the mouth of a river


    glacier-large ice mass that moves slowly down a mountain or across land


    gulf- part of a sea or ocean extending into the land, usually larger than a bay


    island- land that has water on all sides


    isthmus- narrow strip of land connecting two larger areas of land


    mountain range-row of mountains


    mouth of river- place where a river empties into another body of water

    peninsula- land that is almost completely surrounded by water


    plain- area of flat or gently rolling low land


    plateau-area of high, mostly flat rock


    source of river- place where a river begins


    strait- narrow channel of water connecting two larger bodies of water


    tributary- stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river


    Here is a nice video introduction to glaciers.



    The video below is a bit complicated but I'll explain it as we watch it in class Thursday.  It does a great job of explaining the last Ice Age.

    Electoral College-  Created as a way to ensure that elections were fair.  There are 539 votes in total for the country.  A candidate for President of the United States must get 270 votes to be elected.  A state gets a number of votes based on how many people live there (population).  See the map on the maps unit page in the Resources for our website.


    Presidents are elected every 4 years.  2016 is the next election.  A President may only be in office for two terms.  He may not run again after that.


    I mentioned a video of what a Hawaiian volcano looks like.  Notice the cracks that the lava is coming out of.  Long 'fissures' (cracks) in the crust of the Earth are splitting open.  Here it is.  Enjoy.



    Here are the videos to use in helping you answer question #3- How have humans changed their environment to meet their needs?


    Remember our discussion in class!  Almost nothing is completely good nor completely bad.  Look at both sides.




    Below is part 1 of the movie we will be watching in class. The other parts are linked below it.   There are a total of 10 parts.  You will not be watching all of them.  Remember that for each part you are to write notes in your 4 part note sheet as we began in class.  You may write them at home or in class as we watch.  They will be the details that you use to respond to the Compelling Questions for this unit.

    It's a bit rough and sometimes its a bit gross but the Discovery Channel has done a great job of' re-creating the real life of a Neanderthal and explaining it too. 

    ***Please note that we will NOT be watching all the parts of the movie.  You should stick to only the parts posted here.

    I'm trying something new with the vocabulary for this unit.  I will make a table and add words to it as we proceed through our lessons.  The table will grow as the unit moves on.

    Archaeology Unit Vocabulary

    The study of the past by using artifacts from the time period you are studying
    An item left behind made by the people being studied
    Ice Age
    Any of the periods in the history of the Earth when the temperatures around the world dropped and winter-like weather spread.
    A scientist who discovered the fossils and artifacts of an early human species.  The species was named after him and is called Neanderthal Man or just Neanderthal.
    Another human species from a long time ago.  He is taller and thinner than Neanderthal Man.
    Getting the things you want
    The land around you (Think "physical map")
    How a group of people is organized and led
    Social Structure
    The roles of people in a group and how the people are viewed by others in the group

    Industrial Revolution

    Begins about 1750 to about 1900s.

    A big "shift" happens. Machines are replacing workers and factories are replacing farms.

    AGRICULTURE (farming) ----> INDUSTRY (factories)


    Cities grow too fast.  Crime and poverty grow in the cities at the same time as great industry and wealth.


    Groups or "classes" of people begin to develop based on how much money and power they have. 

    Rich are sometimes called "Upper Class"

    Workers are commonly called "Middle Class"

    Poor are referred to as a "Poverty class"

    Below is the video that we watched in class Thursday.  You can watch it and improve your notes if needed.

    Invention Used for... Changes
    Roads Transportation travel is safer, faster, cheaper
    Canals Transportation travel is even safer, faster, cheaper than roads and easier to move big loads, useful more often too


    These are some of the various groups of laws that come about by the end of the Industrial Revolution.  They are still being talked about, argued about and changed even today. 

    Remember that these are groups of laws that have happened over many years in our country.  They did not happen all at once or in any order.  Changes still go on for each of them.

    Each one of the things on our list is a GROUP of many laws about the item.

    Remember that for every up- there is a down side too. 

    Thumbs up and thumbs down 


    Group 1: Child Labor Laws- Kids under the age of 16 cannot work- with certain exceptions.  There are also laws about how long, how often and where they can work

    Group 2: Worker Safety Laws- Work must be made safe.

    Group 3: Wage Laws- Workers must be paid a minimum amount.  This amount varies from state to state.  Sometimes jobs that add tips are allowed to be lower.

    Group 4: Unemployment and Compensation Laws- Protect workers that are injured or lose their jobs by continuing pay (unemployment) or paying for medical bills or losses due to an injury etc. (compensation)



    The video below is a documentary about how children are used as slaves in the chocolate industry even today.

    Its interesting, but a little sad to watch and to think about.


    Laws of Supply and Demand

    Law of Supply (supply= how much of a thing that you have) if you have a big supply (surplus) the cost goes down...if you have a little supply (rare) the cost goes up

    Law of Demand (demand=how much you want something) if demand is high then cost is high, if demand is low then cost is low.


    ***Too prevent the pages from becoming too long, all notes after January will be on the Semester 2 page.


     Social Studies Heading (jpg file - 814 KB)


    Midterm Vocabulary Study Guide (docx file - 15 KB)