5th Grade Green Team Social Studies Notes for the Second Semester

  •  

    Below is the diagram explaining the ideas we will be using as we learn and discuss different cultures during this semester.

    5 Areas of Social Studies


    The words below are the vocabulary we will be learning and using during our Archaeology/ Early Man Unit

    1. Archaeology- the study of ancient people by using artifacts and other physical remains

    2. Archaeologists- people who study the past by using artifacts

    3. Artifact- a thing left behind that was used by an ancient group of people.

    4. Millennium- a one thousand year period

    5. Century- a one hundred year period

    6. Decade- a ten year period

    7. Year- the time it takes for the earth to pass around the sun one time

    8. Neanderthal Man- a short heavy ancestor of humans last alive during the last ice age.  They mostly lived in colder climates

    9. Cro Magnon- A taller, leaner ancestor of modern humans that usually lived in warmer climates

    10. Ancestor- the people that are related to you that lived before you in the past

    11. Descendant- Your relatives that will live after you in the future

    12. Glaciers- Huge sheets of thick ice that cover large areas of land

    13. Technology- using tools of any type to make life easier or better

    14. Nomads- groups of people that move from place to place to live

    15. Civilization- a group of people that has developed rules for how they will live together

    16. Economics- getting the things you want and need

    17. Geography- How the place where you are effects what you do

    18. Government- How a group of people are organized

    19. Social Structure (Culture)- What is expected of people by the other people around them

    20. History- How the past affects people

    21. Ice Age- One of the times in Earth's history when the temperature dropped and winter like weather spread


    Chart for the Artifact Project  


         Here is the link to the video we are watching in class. 

    National Geographic's "Neanderthal."

    Remember that you are expected to take notes on your note sheet or additional paper as we watch.  If you are out or miss class you can watch as much as you like here.  Remember that while it's a National Geographic video and its made for TV, its still a bit gross at times. 

     

    This link is for a super video done by the History Channel about the "Ice Age".  It has lots of great information and cool videos about how it shaped our continent.

    This is a very brief video about the possible causes of the Ice Ages that have taken place our planet.

     This is a longer video about the Ice Ages and Glaciers as well.  Its about an hour and a half long but has lots of very good explanations about both things.

    This is a link for a short but excellent video from Free School about "Glaciers"

    Here's an awesome video about how a woolly mammoth was found frozen and preserved in ice so well that it was still edible!  Scientists are even trying to use its body to clone it and bring back woolly mammoths!  Take a look.  If you write notes its extra credit.

    Here's a second video about woolly mammoths.  It's a little longer that the first but really cool.  It's called "The Amazing Life of Mammoths".

    Please note*** This video about sabre tooth tigers is very interesting but has some violent parts with modern animals fighting to illustrate how predators hunt.  While it's very educational- it may not be for everyone.

    Lastly, for now anyway, is this video about the short faced bear.  Its not only great information about the bear, but it mentions several other animals to research if you are doing a Google slides presentation.

     

    Here is the link to the Pompeii movie we are watching in class 



     

    The Road To Becoming America

    The Age of Exploration: Our story begins in Europe...

    Social Structure in the Middle Ages: Feudalism

     

    Structure of Feudal Classes

     

    Age of Exploration Vocabulary

     

    coalesce
    this is when separate items join together or when small things join to become a larger thing.
    palatable
    something that tastes good enough to eat.
    Spice Islands
    also known as the East Indies.  It is an area south of China that was known to produce the spices wanted in Europe
    feudal(ism)
    the social structure in Europe during the Dark Ages.  At the top was royalty, then priests/ and knights, next was merchants and traders, the bottom were peasants.  *See the image below this table to get an illustration of the social structure of Feudalism in the Middle Ages
    Pope
    the leader of the Roman Catholic church
    Ottoman Empire
    a large area of land in North Africa, the Middle East and South West Asia controlled by Muslim rulers
    profit
    the money you earn AFTER you pay for what the item costs you
    navigation
    determining where you are and where you are going
    astrolabe/ sextant
    an instrument used to navigate by measuring the location of the stars
    caravan
    a group traveling, often by camel
    caravel
    a fast, large, light and strong ship made for trade
    Dark Ages a war like time between 400AD and 1000AD in Europe
    Renaissance
    a period of time beginning about the year 1200AD when Europe began to civilize again after the Dark Ages.
    Age of Exploration A period of about 300 years where Europeans searched around the world mostly looking for ways to Asia and then for things in the New World.
    AD or CE

    ADAnno Domini (years of God in Latin) 

    CECommon Era

    This is the time after the Catholic calendar began to be used.  Modern time.

    BC or BCE BCBefore Christ/  BCEBefore the Common Era The time before the Catholic calendar began to be used.
    New World This refers to North America and South America.  Europeans called them this because it was an entirely new place to them and was filled with things they had never seen before.

     

    Here is the link for the video we watched in class titled Age of Exploration 1400-1550.  You will need a total of 30 notes for the movie.  They are due when we return from the break.



    Here is the image we were using in class to help show the locations of some places we are learning about.  Use it to assist you in coloring your map.  There are more labels on your map from class than are shown below!

    Locating Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia on map

     Notes from April 29th

    Important Events

    Date (about)

    Event

    500 BCE Roman Empire Begins
    0 Birth of Christ/ Catholic Calendar begins
    400 CE End of Roman Empire- Beginning of the Dark Ages
    1200 CE End of the Dark Ages- Renaissance begins
    1300 CE Marco Polo travels to China- Age of Exploration begins
    1492  Columbus reaches the New World

     

    Effects of the Dark Ages on Europe

    I.Without Roman rule the land of Europe descends into chaos.  “Dark Ages” last for about 800 years.

         a. Each area becomes ruled by its own king (Feudalism)

         b. Constant war leads to a lack of food

         c. Crowding near castles/cities

         d. Little medicine, science, learning, art, transportation

     

    II.Renaissance (rebirth) begins about 1200.

         a. Europe begins to organize itself.

         b. Countries begin to coalesce (Especially France, England and Spain)

         c. Marco Polo travels to the Orient (Far East) and finds a lot of technology and goods.

         d. Black Plague kills almost ½ of Europeans.

     

     III. Age of Exploration begins 1300

         a. People from Europe are looking for a safe, fast way to the East Indies (aka China, Spice Islands, Orient)

         b. Want to get spices, silk cloth, gun powder, navigation tools, land, medicine, food etc.

         c. The problems for Europeans in getting to the Spice Islands are:

                 1. Ottoman Empire

                 2. Cape of Good (not) Hope

                 3. Loooooong trip around Africa

                 4. Storms

                 5. Getting lost at sea

         d. Can’t head west because its across open ocean and no one can navigate well enough

         e. Christopher Columbus makes the trip west in 1492 using Ottoman navigation tools


     Here are the links for the 4 short videos we saw over the last few days in class.

    Video 1

    Video 2

    Video 3

    Video 4

    These next three videos are more from the collection above but we will not be watching them in class.  If you are interested though... have a look.

    Video 5

    Video 6

    Video 7

     

    Age of Colonization

    Here is the map we will use as a reference for the next few weeks.

     European claims in North America during Age of Colonization

    Here is the link for the Conquistadors movie from class.

     

    Spanish Colonies Vocabulary

    Word

    Definition

    grant  Give or donate something to someone        
    circumnavigate Circle the Earth
    conquistador Spanish conqueror
    Northwest Passage a way to get through North America to the Spice Islands
    colony land that is ruled by a country far away
    empire a country that controls many colonies
    borderlands land that separated two other lands
    hacienda a Spanish ranch
    self sufficient able to take care of your own issues
    mission/ missionary a person who travels to spread religion

    French Colonies Vocabulary

    civil war  A fight between two sides within the same country                                                            
    royal colony A colony owned by the king
    proprietary colony A colony owned by a person picked by the king
    plantation A large farm usually to earn money
    fur trade The exchange of animal skins for other goods

    English Colonies Vocabulary Part I

    sea dog commander of an English ship that attacks Spanish or French ships                                                                
    privateers private citizens hired to attack Spanish ships
    pirate a thief on the sea or ocean
    raw material a resource that can be used to make a product
    natural resources something we can use found on earth
    man made resources something we can use made by humans
    labor resources workers
    capital resources $$$$$
    armada A giant fleet of warships

    English Colonies Vocabulary Part II

    cash crop  Things grown to be sold- tobacco, indigo, cotton, rice                                     
    prosperity Doing well-having what you want
    legislature A group of people who make laws 
    pilgrim A person who travels for religious reasons
    self rule control one's own government
    puritans Church of England followers, believed that religion had to be "pure"
    specializing Doing one particular job and doing it well
    frontier land beyond settled areas
    import product brought in
    export Product brought out

     

    I.  Spanish Conquerors- Wanted to take $$$ and convert or kill natives.

    A.  (Where) Florida, Mexico, Meso-America, Caribbean Islands, parts of South America

    B.  (Built) Missions, forts, haciendas, mines

    C.  (Treated Natives)slaves, murdered, died of many diseases

    D.  (Resources) Gold, Silver, other treasures

     

    II. French Colonies-

    A.  Central North America in what is not the United States and Canada.  Some Caribbean Islands

    B.  Proprietary colonies and some royal colonies

    C.  Trade partners (not BFFs)

    D.  Beaver fur, fish

     

    III. English Colonies

    A.  North Central Canada, some Caribbean Islands, small parts of Meso-America, the Atlantic Coast of what is now the United States

    B.  Plantations for cash crops, small villages

    C.  Friends when needed, slaves or worse when they aren't needed

    D.  Tobacco, cotton, rice and indigo

     

     



    The Road to Independence: From Colonies to Country

     

    French and Indian War Notes

     

    I. Begins 1754 between the French and British.Starts in the Ohio Valley on the border between the colonies of New France and New England

         1. The border has many settlements and forts to protect the settlements on each side.

         2. Both sides want more land to make more $$$

         3. Both countries have no money for a war

         4. French begin by hiring Natives and Colonists to attack British settlements.

              a.  They are disguised to avoid all-out war between Britain and France

         5. British finally find out that attacks are being organized by the French and, in return, the British attack the French settlements

         6. The British also hire Natives and colonists.

              a. They promise them land in exchange for fighting

    II. The war lasts for 9 years.

         1. At the same time this war is being fought, another, much larger, war between the same two countries in being fought in Europe

         2. In 1763 the British finally win

         3. King George III of England now must pay the Natives and the colonists but he has promised the land to BOTH!

         4. He gives the land to the Natives

         5. The colonists are extremely angry

         6. The country of Great Britain is broke and cannot pay for the supplies they borrowed $$ for to fight the war.

    end of notes for May 17th

    Here is the link for the movie we watched today in class.  20 notes are due by the end of it.  

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vaxUYZEAu_I

     


    III. Protests Begin-

    1. Tax protests are begun.  James Otis calls for citizens to not pay until they have representation in Parliament. 
    2. The Sons of Liberty begin to form.  Protests turn more violent. (Boston Massacre and Boston Tea Party)
    3. Parliament cracks down with the "Intolerable Acts
    4. More soldiers in the colonies
    5. Taking the guns from the militia and citizens
    6. Quartering soldiers in people's homes
    7. No more trial by jury
    8. Closes Boston Harbor
    9. Lexington and Concord-
    10. British attempt to capture guns, ammunition from colonists. 
    11. British also want to capture the leadership of the Sons of Liberty.
    12. Colonial Militia stand up to the Redcoats after being warned they were coming.
    13. The War for Independence begins

     

    Next Stop...Taxes, taxes and more taxes- but there is a deeper problem.

    TAX CHART

    The chart below indicates some of the basic taxes that people in the US pay.  These are just basics and the mix and the amounts vary from community to community.

      Types of Taxes people in the US pay

    UH-OH, a nasty turn towards war....

     Vocabulary

    representation    having someone to speak for you or stand up for you
    treason turning against your own country
    boycott to protest by not buying a product
    congress a group of people who gather for a particular purpose
    declaration a formal statement
    repeal to take back or undo something
    liberty the ability to make your own choices
    Sugar Act The first of the taxes used to pay back the $ owed for the French and Indian War
    Stamp Act The second tax to pay back for the French and Indian War.  It was a tax on paper.  The stamp just showed you paid it.
    Townshend Acts A tax on tea, glass, lead etc.  Mostly repealed except the tax on tea
    monopoly When there is only one owner controlling a product or service
    blockade This is blocking off a port or harbor from ships
    quarter to provide a place to live
    intolerable unbearable, you can't take it anymore
    petition a letter about fixing a problem, often signed by many people

     

    Here are the links to the "Liberty Kids" videos we watched in class.

    Boston Tea Party

    Intolerable Acts

    Powers of Government-

     

    • Government exists whenever a group of people begin to organize.  There are many ways to organize but all are forms of government.  The purpose of a government is to stop chaos or allow people to work together.

    To work, a government must be able to do three things or have three "powers".

    1. The power to make rules or laws.  This is known as the power to legislate or Legislative Power
    2. The power to enforce ( make people follow) laws.  This is known as the power to execute or Executive Power.
    3. The power to decide if things are good or not.  This is known as the power to judge or Judicial Power.

    Without all three powers a government cannot work.

    Forms of government-

    There are an almost infinite number of ways to make the powers happen.  The chart below will only show a few of the more common ones.

    Government Type

    Monarchy

    (one ruler)

    Theocracy

    (rule through religion)

    Pure Democracy

    (rule by ALL the people)

    Representative Democracy

    (rule by representatives of the people)

    Anarchy

    (rule by each individual for him/herself)

    Who it benefits

    King

    The religion

    The people

    The people

    Self

    **Who has Legislative Power

    King

    Religious Leaders

    The people

    Congress

     

     HoR       Senate

    Self

     

    **Who has Executive Power

    King

    Religious Leaders

    The people

    President

    Self

    **Who has Judicial Power

    King

    Religious Leaders

    The people

    Supreme Court

    Self

    Advantages

    Very fast

    good if you are that religion

    Very fair

    Fair

    Freedom!

    Disadvantages

    Unfair

    not good if you are of any other belief Very, very slooooowwww

    Slow at times

    Chaos

    Declaration of Independence-

     

    Key Points:

    1. Declares (states) we want to be apart from England and start our own country.
    2. Declares that in this country all men will be treated equally and have the right to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
    3. Declares the reasons that we left England. (Intolerable Acts, unfair laws, no representation Parliament, taxes...)

    Constitution- the "rule book" for our government

    1. A.Broken up into 'articles'  Each one sets up a part of the government.
    2. Article 1 explains the "Legislative Branch"
    3. Article 2 explains the "Executive Branch"
    4. Article 3 explains the "Judicial Branch"
    5. More articles that cover miscellaneous things

    BILL OF RIGHTS: the first 10 Amendments (changes) to the Constitution

    1. Passed all together at the same time
    2. List the things that our government cannot take away from the people.  (Mostly a reaction to the Intolerable Acts)

     

    Declaration of Independence A document that tells the world we are no longer English  
    Constitution A written plan of government
    Bill An idea for a new law
    Law rules by a government
    Legislative make laws
    Executive enforce laws
    Judicial judge laws
    Congress House of Representatives and the Senate
    President Chief Executive (Chief "Enforcer")
    Supreme Court Judges 'constitutionality' of laws
    Senate one of the two parts of our Congress.  It favors the small states
    House of Representatives The other part of Congress.  It favors the larger states
    Veto The President's ability to refuse a bill
    Bill of Rights A list of the first 10 rights added to the Constitution
    Override skip over (go past or cancel) the president's veto
    Amendment A change or addition to the Constitution
    Checks and Balances a system of government that allows two of the branches authority over the other one

      

     

      

      

     

  • Coalesce
    this is when separate items join together or when small things join to become a larger thing.
    Palatable
    something that tastes good enough to eat.
    Spice Islands
    also known as the East Indies.  It is an area south of China that was known to produce the spices wanted in Europe
    Feudal(ism)
    the social structure in Europe during the Dark Ages.  At the top was royalty, then priests/ and knights, next was merchants and traders, the bottom were peasants.  *See the image below this table to get an illustration of the social structure of Feudalism in the Middle Ages
    Pope
    the leader of the Roman Catholic church
    Ottoman Empire
    a large area of land in North Africa, the Middle East and South West Asia controlled by Muslim rulers
    Profit
    the money you earn AFTER you pay for what the item costs you
    Navigation
    determining where you are and where you are going
    Astrolabe/ Sextant
    an instrument used to navigate by measuring the location of the stars
    Caravan
    a group traveling, often by camel
    Caravel
    a fast, large, light and strong ship made for trade
    Dark Ages a war like time between 400AD and 1000AD in Europe
    Renaissance
    a period of time beginning about the year 1200AD when Europe began to civilize again after the Dark Ages.
    Age of Exploration A period of about 300 years where Europeans searched around the world mostly looking for ways to Asia and then for things in the New World.
    AD or CE

    ADAnno Domini (years of God in Latin) 

    CECommon Era

    This is the time after the Catholic calendar began to be used.  Modern time.

    BC or BCE BC= Before Christ/  BCEBefore the Common Era The time before the Catholic calendar began to be used.
    New World This refers to North America and South America.  Europeans called them this because it was an entirely new place to them and was filled with things they had never seen before.

     


    Age of Exploration Notes

    • Runs from about 1400 AD to about 1700 AD
    • Based on the discovery of China by Marco Polo (even though that happened many years earlier)
    • European kings have been in nearly constant fighting (Dark Ages) and Europe is in ruins and chaos.  They need food, money, weapons...
    • The Europeans are chiefly Christian and follow the Catholic church led by the Pope
    • The Moors (Turks, Ottoman Empire) control the northern parts of Africa and much of southern Asia.  They do not like the Christian countries of Europe.  The Moors are of the Muslim faith.
    • The main Christian countries in Europe at this time are Spain, France and England.
    • Italy is the home to the best sailors in Europe and the Moors do not dislike the Italians.  The Italians have not become a country yet.
    • The Christians and Muslims have a long history of warfare between them.  They fight mostly over the "Holy Land".
    • The Moors make it difficult for the Europeans to travel to the area of China and the East Indies.
    • The Europeans are looking for a way to get to the East Indies for spices, silk, rice, etc.
    • As the Dark Ages ends, a new time of rebirth or starting over begins.  This is called the Renaissance.
    • Europeans learn the ways of navigation from the Chinese and Moors.  Prince Henry the Navigator starts the first school to teach sailing and navigation.
    • Europeans slowly work at ways to reach the East Indies (Spice Islands)
    • In 1492, Columbus attempts to go around the world in the other direction to avoid the Muslims.
    • He knows the world is round but mistakes how big it is.  He thinks the islands he finds are the East Indies but they are the Bahamas.  He never finds out he was wrong before he dies.
    • Amerigo Vespucci follows Columbus and names the continents her finds America.  They are also called the "New World"

     Below is the map we have been using to make your colored map in class.  Please remember that the Swedish and Dutch colonies do not appear on this map.  The rest are here though.

If you are having trouble viewing the document, you may download the document.
  • Native American Vocabulary

     

    nomads-a group of people who move to a different environment to live

     

    technology- anything you can use to make your life better

     

    extinct- when a species is gone (living creatures)

     

    agriculture- farming plants and animals

     

    class(es)- arranging groups of people into different levels

     

    adapt- changing in order to survive

     

    barter- trading

     

    slash and burn- clearing land using fire

     

    confederation- when several groups share a ‘loose’ government

     

    council- a group of people that make decisions for a confederation

     


    Below is a diagram of the structure of the classes in a Feudal Society.  This is how most of Europe was organized in the Medieval time period.

     

    Structure of Feudal Classes

     

  • French and Indian War Notes

     

    Begins 1754 between the French and British.

    • Starts in the Ohio Valley on the border between the colonies of New France and New England
      • The border has many settlements and forts to protect the settlements on each side.
    • Both sides want more land to make more $$$
    • Both countries have no money for a war
    • French begin by hiring Natives and Colonists to attack British settlements.
      • They are disguised to avoid all-out war between Britain and France
      • British finally find out that attacks are being organized by the French and, in return, the British attack the French settlements
      • The British also hire Natives and colonists.
        • They promise them land in exchange for fighting
      • The war lasts for 9 years.
        • At the same time this war is being fought, another, much larger, war between the same two countries in being fought in Europe
      • In 1763 the British finally win
        • King George of England now must pay the Natives and the colonists but he has promised the land to BOTH!
        • He gives the land to the Natives
          • The colonists are extremely angry
          • The country of Great Britain is broke and cannot pay for the supplies they borrowed $$ for to fight the war.

     

    TAX NOTES 

    Taxes are the way that a government raises money to pay for the things it decides to do or buy.

    Tax Type

    How it’s Collected

    What’s the reasoning…

    Income Tax

    Given to the government by your employer before you ever get paid.

    If you earn more, you can pay more

    Sales Tax

    Added to the cost of things you buy at stores.  The money does NOT go to the store.  It goes to the government.

    If you can afford to shop, you have money and can afford taxes too

    Property Tax

    2 times a year you pay a bill to the government.  Based on the value of your property.

    If you own expensive property, you can afford bigger taxes

    “Sin” Taxes

     

     

    and

     

     

    Tariffs

    Added to the cost of things the government does not want you to use. 

     


     

    A tariff is used to protect your country’s businesses.

    If they don’t want you to do something, make it expensive, such as smoking, liquor, gasoline…


     

    Tariffs add to the cost of foreign products.

    Miscellaneous Taxes

    Sewer tax, fire hydrant taxes, street light taxes…

    If you want it…you have to pay

    Fines, Fees, licenses

    Speeding tickets, hunting licenses, drivers licenses, car registrations, toll booths, cell phone taxes, park entrance fees…

    If you want it…you have to pay.

    If you mess up… you have to pay

    Bonds***

    A government “borrows” money by selling paper bonds.  After a certain time passes, they can be turned in for more $ than they cost.

    The government needs money right away and they can use taxes to save up to pay it back later.